Click on the titles to unveil the details of each session.

TS#1  |  SLEEP: The impact of sleep on readiness, performance, pain, healing and wellness
Session Organizer Information: Commander Deydre Teyhen, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, USA
  1. Understand the importance of sleep for physical, cognitive, and emotional health and its link to chronic pain.
  2. Integrate screening and assessment of sleep into a routine physical therapy care.
  3. Understand tools and resources to help educate patients on sleep.
  4. Understand common sleep screening tools to help determine when a referral is required for a sleep condition.
Impact of Sleep on Health, Safety, and Performance USA
The impact of sleep on musculoskeletal injury and pain USA
Impacts of Sleep Restriction and Circadian Disruption on Decision Making CAN
Screening for Sleep in a Military Setting USA
Educating Soldiers on Sleep and Sleep Environments USA
TS#2  |  An International Problem and Collaboration to Predicting and Preventing Injuries in the Military
Session Organizer Information: Commander Deydre Teyhen, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, USA
  1. Can movement screens be used to identify those at increased risk for injury?
  2. Can a better understanding of movement control, movement quality, and potential associations with injury risk, inform specific movement education and physical training interventions to mitigate injury risk?
  3. How can we best leverage the 70 international members of the International Movement Screening and Interventions Group to improve Soldier readiness and lethality by decreasing musculoskeletal injuries?
Assessing Movement Quality in UK Military Personnel – Can a Better Understanding of the Problem Inform a Simple Fix? UK
Military Power, Performance, and Prevention (MP3) Approach to Injury Prediction in the U.S. Army USA
The Consortium for Health and Military Performance (CHAMP) Role in Preventing Musculoskeletal Injuries in the U.S. Military USA
The role of youth sports in preventing future injuries in a military setting CAN
What can we learn from athletes in preventing musculoskeletal injuries in the military USA
TS#3  |  Factors Affecting Soldier Shooting Performance
Session Organizer Information: Mr. William Harper, U.S. Army Data and Analysis Center, USA

This session will examine training and weapon design characteristics that may affect the marksmanship of Soldiers and how they fight with their weapon.  The goal of the session will be to provide examples of the many factors that affect overall system performance.
Clustering Novice Marksmen: The first step in providing personalized training interventions NETHERLANDS
Small Arms Fire Control Shooting Performance for COTS systems USA
The effect of weapon configuration on soldier exposure when shooting from barricades CAN
The Effect of Recoil on Soldier Shooting Performance USA
TS#4  |  Real-Time Monitoring to Prevent Heat Injury
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Mark Buller, USARIEM, USA

The goal of the session is to present the current state of the art in real-time physiological status monitoring for heat related injury mitigation. The session will demonstrate how both advanced sensors systems, models and algorithms are being combined in an international and collaborative way and how this is providing real solutions to military units.  Session presenters will present real technical solutions that are being adopted within their respective countries, and recent advances in HRI markers from large scale field studies.

Reduction in heat injuries in the UK Jungle Warfare Training: Project SALAMANDER UK
The ARMOR System – Validation and implementation of real time heat stress monitoring in the Netherlands Army NETHERLANDS
Predictive models to prevent heat related injury in hot-wet environments in the Singapore Army SINGAPORE
Optimising work capacity during air force operations in extreme heat AUSTRALIA
Predicting Heat Stroke from simple wearables USA
TS#5  |  Global warming and urbanization - implications on the modern Warfighters’ preparation and operation
Session Organizer Information: Dr Jason Lee, University of Singapore, Singapore

Major global trends including rapid urbanisation and climate change have a significant impact on the preparation of modern Warfighters and the conduct of war operations. These trends are not only triggers for conflict, such as through land-use changes and resource scarcity, but also change the environments in which conflict takes place: densely populated urban landscapes, hotter conditions, more intense cyclones and storms. Climate hazards including sea level rise and intense storm events have received attention from military thinkers and policy makers, in part because they can be more easily modelled against major physical assets. However, extreme heat has received less attention despite the long history of research on heat management in the military. Papers presented in this session consider how global heating and urbanisation affect Warfighters’ preparation and performance and how this, in turn, may affect war operations. Potential topics include: advanced heat mitigation strategies (cool vs. warm training, isothermic conditioning, individualized physiological monitoring), non-physiological approaches such as psychological manipulation, implications of chronic exposure to extreme heat for Warfighters’ wellbeing, and socio-ecological approaches that situate Warfighters in a broader eco-system of societal services to sustain activities and bases in extreme conditions.

Global warming and urbanisation on Warfighters' Performance and Health – Introduction GREECE
Advanced heat management for Warfighters with global heating SINGAPORE
Psychological manipulation to enhance performance in the heat CANADA
Social and societal implications of global heating on Warfighters' performance and health GERMANY
TS#6  |  Options and strategies to enhance individual operational readiness
Session Organizer Information: Dr Dieter Leyk , Bundeswehr Institute for Preventive Medicine, Germany

Lifestyle changes in many societies towards sedentary and unhealthy behaviors are reflected in military populations. This presents a major challenge to many nations. Therefore, it is of utmost importance for armed forces to develop strategies that counter these negative influences and ensure the operational readiness of each individual soldier. This session will present approaches, experiences, and insights from different nations to this challenge and discuss the merits of different strategies. Goal is to identify best practice options for the military operator as well as issues that require further research.
Concepts and Actions to Enhance US Air Force 21st Century Physical Fitness Testing and Training:  Incentives, Accountability, Test Anxiety, and Test Resources USA
Health & Readiness Programs in the Netherlands Armed Forces: a pivotal role for lifestyle/vitality coaches NETHERLANDS
BALANCE - The Canadian Armed Forces Physical Performance Strategy: Creating the conditions to support optimal physical activity, sleep, nutrition and injury prevention practices CAN
Cognitive Demands and Requirements of Soldier Tasks: An argument for "putting the head back on the Soldier" USA
Options and strategies to enhance individual operational readiness: A German research perspective GERMANY
TS#7  |  Individual variability in fatigue management
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Fabien Sauvet, Armed Forces Biomedical research Institute, France

Fatigue countermeasure is a main concern in military operation. Indeed, fatigue induce decrease of performance and increase the risk of accident and injuries. Fatigues countermeasures developed in armies, air forces and navy are efficient (siesta, nap, caffeine) and reduce effect of fatigue induced by sleep deprivation. However, efficiency of theses countermeasures are characterized by a high individual variability due to genetic back ground, sleep habits, fitness... Understand this variability is a scientific challenge. The aim of this session is to present studies and point of view related to the influence of individual variability evaluated in countermeasures used to prevent fatigue induced decrease of performance. Our objective is to propose new strategies of fatigue mitigation.
Genetic polymorphisms associated with efficiency of caffeine FRANCE
Circadian rhythm and performance BELGIUM
Individualized Interventions to Optimize and Enhance Warfighter Alertness USA
Clock genes and sleep deprivation USA
Caffeine dosing strategies to optimize alertness during sleep loss USA
TS#8  |  Environmental Extremes: Pushing the Limits of Human Tolerance
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Beth Beidleman, Biophysics and Biomedical Modeling Division USARIEM,USA

The goal of the session is to explore new and relevant physical and cognitive performance problems encountered in the most extreme environments (e.g., space, jungle, frigid cold, under the sea, and altitude).  This session will provide forward-thinking solutions for the Warfighter to overcome physical, cognitive, and mental challenges that give them an advantage to defeat the enemy in the most extreme conditions.  Given that our Future Force must deploy anywhere and everywhere to fight against our adversary, excelling in these extreme environments will secure future success in military missions.
Malaysian Jungles: Outperforming the Heat USA
OuterSpace: Conquering the Final Frontier UK
Expedition Ice Maiden: First Female Unassisted Antarctic Crossing UK
Under the Sea:  Maximizing Performance in Divers USA
Altitude:  Living on the Edge USA
TS#9  |  The Soldier Behind the Weapon: Context Driven Tactical Marksmanship
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Leif Hasselquist, US Army, CCDC Soldier Center, Biomechanics & Engineering Team, USA

The goals of this session are to characterize the tactical marksman behind the weapon through their unique biomechanical and physical performance traits. Talks will focus on the following: identification of physical attributes relative to marksmanship skill level, modeling of the Soldier through the identification of key postural factors across the entire marksmanship process, identifying the Soldiers' physical performance components of aiming and the influence of kit configuration, defining the biomechanical aspects of the warfighter's tactical gait, and the human factors of recoil management. This session will give insight into the optimization of the tactical warfighter during the important skill of tactical marksmanship.
Quantifying the Physical Attributes and Performance Metrics of Expert Marksmen Relative to Novice Marksmen USA
Modelling Key Postural Factors Across the Entire Marksmanship Process that Maximizes Shooting Efficiency and Accuracy UK
Time Spent Aiming; the Effects of Configuration and Number of Shots Fired AUSTRALIA
Biomechanics and Marksmanship Performance of Loaded and Unloaded Walking While Maintaining Weapon Aim USA
Human Factors Approach to the Development of Small Arms Recoil Test Fixtures CAN
TS#10  |  Methods for Assessment of Soldier Performance and Effectiveness at the Individual and Small Unit Level
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Leif Hasselquist, US Army, CCDC Soldier Center, Biomechanics & Engineering Team, USA

This symposium will identify research efforts related to individual performance and progress to squad performance. Performance is nominally influenced by physical, nutritional, health, cognitive, and social-emotional factors that affect the individual Soldier and the squad. From the individual Soldier perspective the session will address a physiological, biomechanical and cognitive assessment methodology applied to the individual Soldier in the field environment. Logical progression of these research efforts is to assess the performance of the tactical small unit or the squad. Keep in mind that 'true' objective assessment of military teams is really in its infancy and arguably researchers are still only assessing / aggregating groups of individuals using output metrics.
Characterizing Tactical Performance during Sustained Live-Fire Exercises USA
Mission Measures of Effectiveness for Small Unit Infantry Operations CAN
A Methodology to Measure the Interplay of Cognition and Physical Performance of the Individual Soldier during a Field Exercise USA
Lessons Learned for Measuring Dismounted Soldier Performance and Effectiveness Under Stress USA
Greater than the Sum of its Parts: The Objective Assessment of Tactical Small Unit Performance NZ
TS#11  |  Understanding the protection-performance-vulnerability tradespace to enhance overall soldier survivability and effectiveness
Session Organizer Information: Mrs. Linda Bossi, Defence Research Development, Canada

The goals of this session are to better understand and model the tradespace between ballistic protection, its impact on soldier physiology, biomechanics, behaviour and performance, and resulting soldier vulnerability to enemy action. Such knowledge and models can inform the design of solutions that will enhance soldier performance, mitigate casualties, and ensure higher levels of operational readiness and effectiveness in future, such as modular scalable ballistic protective systems, supported by data-driven decision-support systems (e.g., physiological monitoring informing analytic software) that enable soldiers and their leadership to adopt the most appropriate protective posture for the operational situation. This session will consider the relationship between armour system characteristics, soldier response and performance, resultant vulnerability and survivability, as well as the solution space, including approaches for modelling these and armour systems design.
A novel framework for assessing the tradespace between soldier physical performance, survivability, and health CAN
The impact of varying body armour coverage on soldier physiology and mobility performance CAN
The effect of body armour and torso-borne load on lung function: Considerations for the design and evaluation of future soldier systems UK
The impact of plate size on vulnerability to enemy direct fire USA
Soldier vulnerability to enemy direct fire in a gap crossing scenario due to load-induced mobility decrements CAN
TS#12  |  Military Operations in the Arctic
Session Organizer Information: Dr Karl Friedl USARIEM Senior Research Scientist, Physiology

The Arctic is an unforgiving environment that requires special training and equipment. The austere surroundings and extreme temperatures present special challenges to human performance enhancement, including protecting hands and manual dexterity. Native cold-dwellers have established traditional practices that allow them to successfully operate in this environment. Some of these practices can be emulated by soldiers training for Arctic operations; other aspects of success are more elusive but, if the science basis can be determined, thermogenic Arctic rations, optimal design of protective equipment, enhanced “comfortably cold” thermal tolerance, and other advantages to extend human performance in the cold may be possible. This panel will combine current knowledge and practices of cold dwelling native peoples and experienced Arctic soldiers with recent research findings on soldier materiel and training, and end with next steps for an Arctic soldier research roadmap.
An Arctic soldier's perspective on success in the cold CAN
Norwegian experience in cold weather rations, stoves, and clothing NORWAY
Assessment of Arctic personal protective equipment CAN
Soldier training for winter warfare FINLAND
Research challenges for human performance in the Arctic USA
TS#13  |  Female Specific Considerations for Optimizing Soldier Performance through Better Clothing and Equipment Fit
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Debbie Risius, Human & Social Sciences Group DSTL, UK

The goal of the proposed session on Clothing and Individual Equipment: Female Specific Considerations is to identify some of the existing HSI issues for female personnel, identify differences between male and female users in current in-service CIE and to suggest mitigations to these issues in order to optimise the operational performance of female personnel.
Female specific RoM and encumbered anthropometry USA
The effect of a scalable clothing system on male and female marksmanship UK
Male vs Female Hard Armour Plate HFI Issues UK
Female Body Armour - Update on DST Research AUSTRALIA
Methodology for torso & side plate evaluation (female & male) USA
TS#14  |  Interaction between Physical and Cognitive workload and performance
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Maurice van Beurden, TNO, Netherlands

This session aims to increase the understanding of soldier’s cognitive load in interaction with the physical environment. Soldiers often operate under physically demanding circumstances and environments. Examples are high and low temperatures, rough terrain, and carrying heavy loads.  Many of these factors do not only impact physical performance but also impact cognitive performance. At this moment there is an insufficient understanding of the interacting effects of physical and cognitive load under a range of environmental circumstances. In addition, few studies have researched the effects of modern assistive soldier technology (e.g., tactical displays or augmented reality) on cognitive workload. This session aims to further advance the understanding of soldiers’ cognitive performance in interaction with their physical environment as well as innovative technology. Findings in this field will lead to better cognitive requirements of future equipment and technology during the procurement of new equipment. In addition, the knowledge acquired can result in improved soldier performance and safety.
Interactions between physical workload and cognitive performance during prolonged load carriage USA
The impact of dismounted soldier information technology on soldier physical and mental workload and team performance CAN
Soldier Performance with Intelligent Fire Control USA
Measuring cognitive load under physical demanding circumstances NETHERLANDS
Methodology for torso & side plate evaluation (female & male) FINLAND
TS#16  |  Factors that impact and prepare individuals to be resilient in cognitively demanding environments
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Ben Rattray, University of Canberra, Australia

Military personnel face particularly unique challenges to operational performance, including combinations of extreme physical and mental fatigue, high levels of anxiety and stress, and environments of great unpredictability. As such, training must prepare individuals to be resilient and sustain performance in challenging conditions. Personnel are prepared for and trained to tolerate many of the stressors they may encounter; however, consideration of stressors typically extends only as far as the physical, psychological and environmental requirements of a given task. Here we consider these, and wider issues that look to aid operational performance in a military context with a particular focus on performance under cognitively demanding situations.
Conceptualising what we need to consider to better study, plan for, and improve cognitive resilience AUSTRALIA
The effects of different environments on cognition/fatigue BELGIUM
Psychological predictors of ‘cognitive resilience’ as observed in the ‘three challenges’ study: what factors mitigate the impact of stress on cognitive control? AUSTRALIA
Nutrition and the brain BELGIUM
Interventions to promote cognitive resilience AUSTRALIA
TS#17  |  Answers from the Lab, Field, and Frontlines: a Holistic Approach to Maximizing 21st Century Soldier Health and Performance
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Andrew G. Thompson, Rockefeller Neuroscience Institute, USA

Military operations often demand extreme workloads in perhaps the harshest and most-dangerous environments. Adversaries are constantly advancing and there is no single domain that provides a turn-key solution to adapt and overcome. Furthermore, the optimization of next-generation Soldier performance programs poses a unique challenge as virtually no aspect of human health or performance occurs in a vacuum. Rather, a complex and complementary set of systems integrate psychological and physiological processes in response to task demands and environmental stimuli. The results of this dynamic determine success or failure, contribute to health outcomes, and often tax systemic resources beyond acute recovery capabilities, eventually causing breakdown to outpace repair. This ever-evolving, complex, and multi-faceted nature of combat operations creates the need for interdisciplinary, cross-domain solutions that significantly influence operators, their facilitators, and other decision makers who impact the soldier performance management system. Our thematic session aims to tackle those needs head-on, by providing the latest, empirically-supported solutions, direct from the scientists, practitioners, and leaders who have successfully employed them at elite levels.
Simplicity as the Platform for Complexity: Principle Based Training Innovations for the Modern Warfighter USA
Embedding the Cognitive Element into Soldier Training and Testing Paradigms USA
Recovery Science: Utilizing Emerging Technologies and Tools to Optimize Recovery and Enhance Short Term and Long Term Tactical Performance USA
Both Subjective and Objective Assessments Should be Included When Making Decisions about Training for Soldiers NORWAY
Anchoring Strength and Conditioning Philosophy within an Organization NETHERLANDS
TS#18  |  Current and future opportunities for wearable assistive technologies across Defence
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Kurt Mudie, Land Division DST, Australia

This session will provide a state-of-the-art insight on existing international exoskeleton military efforts, discussing current exoskeleton technology maturity and where we believe future efforts should be focussed. This will be beneficial to military stakeholders by informing decision makers about present and potential future applications of assistive technologies specific to military. Further, this information will help guide future directions of Defence researchers, industry and academia’ for the targeted development and assessment of new technologies that may offer the greatest potential for physically augmenting critical tasks across Defence. The goals of this session are to, (1) highlight potential opportunities for wearable assistive technologies to provide the greatest benefit to the Warfighter; (2) present findings of current technology evaluations from four nations; and (3) discuss overall technology maturity and potential future directions.
Physical augmentation opportunities within close combat operations USA
Characterizing human motor adaptation to an ankle exoskeleton system USA
Redistributing the load carried from the shoulders to the hips: An interdisciplinary evaluation of the VIRTUS dynamic weight distribution system UK
Reduced effectiveness of a passive exoskeleton over the duration of a prolonged loaded march AUSTRALIA
Effect of a passive exoskeleton on the performance of simulated field tasks CAN
TS#19  |  Into the field: Wearable sensors to quantify laboratory grade metrics in an operational environment
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Jennnifer Neugebauer, US Army Futures Command, USA

The overall objective of this proposed session is to explore current efforts related to using wearable sensors to assess physical performance outside of the laboratory including (1) the validation between wearable and gold standard, (2) novel methods to exploit the data provided from the sensors, (3) applications of wearable sensors to quantify warfighter performance, and (4) discussions of future work that’s needed to continue to move the field forward (e.g. hardware, software, validation, mathematical methods, etc).
Validation of Wearable Sensors for the detection of Spatio-Temporal Gait Events during Running and Walking USA
A comparison of multiple machine learning algorithms on the prediction of gait events during load carriage AUSTRALIA
Considerations when collecting whole-body tactical movements under load using wearable IMU sensors CANADA
Using activity monitors to objectively measure skeletal loading in military personnel: performance to injury applications USA
Validation of wearable sensors to identify military relevant activities in the field USA
TS#20  |  Cognitive Performance in Military Personnel Exposed to Harsh Environments
Session Organizer Information: Mr. Jay Heaney, Warfighter Performance, Naval Health Research Center, USA

The intent of this session will be to advance the knowledge of cognitive performance and any associated impact on performance when conducing military operations (either in training or in-theater operations) and exposed to harsh extremes. This may include cold/warm climates, water immersion, or altitude and hypoxic conditions. The panel will provide a variety of methods/technologies that are sensitive enough to discriminate a change in cognitive performance which in most cases will be a decrement in performance. Additionally, the panel members will discuss mitigation strategies to prevent or reduce the severity of performance decrements and potential methods to expedite the recovery timeline back to baseline cognitive performance.
Impairment and Recovery of Psychomotor Tasks during a Military Cold Water Immersion and Rewarming Exercise USA
Temporal Dynamics of Cognitive Operations during a Military Cold Water Immersion and Rewarming Exercise USA
The importance of the perceptual component of thermal stress in physical and cognitive performance BELGIUM
The impact of environmental stress on cognitive performance: commonalities and points of difference AUSTRALIA
TS#21  |  Reducing Musculoskeletal Injuries (MSkIs) in the Armed Force
Session Organizer Information: Mr. Graham White, DSTL , UK

The goals of this session are to, (1) present findings of current efforts across allied nations in preventing MSkIs; (2) highlight similarities and differences between methods for reducing MSkIs in allied nations and discuss potential opportunities for pooling efforts and data; and (3) discuss overarching themes and challenges in the area of musculoskeletal injury prevention in an Armed Forces environment.
The role of vitamin D in musculoskeletal injury risk USA
Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Injury in Marine Corps Recruits during Basic Training NETHERLANDS
The gap between trials done in sports and military (title TBC) BELGIUM
Prevention and treatment of exercise related leg pain in young soldiers USA
Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Rates: Factors to consider when making comparisons across nations UK
TS#22  |  Optimizing Mental and Physical Resilience to Improve Soldier Readiness
Session Organizer Information: Prof. Bradley Nindl, Neuromuscular Research Laboratory/Warrior Human Performance Research Center, University of Pittsburgh, USA

The goal of this session will to be present state-of-the-science research and knowledge on resilience as applied to military paradigms. Resilience can be operationally defined as “the capacity to overcome the negative effects of setbacks and associated stress on cognitive and physical function or performance”. A resilience roundtable at the 4th ICSPP concluded that valid and reliable resilience strategies are needed that promote optimal readiness in the face of unanticipated, adverse stressors allowing service members to be equipped for a variety of scenarios. The talks for this session will center on pre-conditioning, neuromodulatory interventions, sex differences, biomarkers, and the relative contributions of physiological and psychological within a military resilience context.
The Impact of Pre-conditioning on Soldier Resilience during Military Training and Operations AUSTRALIA
Emerging Neuromodulatory Interventions to Enhance Military Cognitive and Physiological Resiliency USA
Biomarker Responses Underlying Military Operational and Extreme Stress USA
Sex differences in the recovery of physical performance and physiological markers after strenuous military field training NORWAY
Use of challenge paradigms for assessing cognitive and psychological predictors of operational performance USA
TS#23  |  Musculoskeletal injuries in military personnel – descriptive epidemiology, risk factor identification, and prevention
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Mita Lovalekar, Neuromuscular Research Laboratory/Warrior Human Performance Research, USA

Military personnel participate in physical activity to enhance fitness to be able to perform the physically demanding tasks required as a part of their occupation. Physical activity can lead to unintended adverse events, including musculoskeletal injuries. This thematic session will include presentations on the description of and identification of risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries in military populations including those among U.S. Army soldiers, Naval Special Warfare Operators and students, and the British Army. The session will also include a discussion of the utility of new cutting-edge technologies and analysis strategies to understand the prevention and management of musculoskeletal injuries, including physical activity monitors in military settings, and a machine learning algorithm to enhance decision making in the management of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome.
Causes of injuries and limited duty in the U.S. Army USA
Relationships of physical fitness, military performance, and injuries in the U.S. Army USA
Descriptive epidemiology of musculoskeletal injuries among Naval Special Warfare personnel USA
Physical activity monitoring to quantify training load to develop injury prevention strategies UK
A Machine Learning Algorithm to enhance decision making in the management of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome AUSTRALIA
TS#24  |  Load Effects Assessment Program (LEAP) – Assessing Dismounted Soldier Physical Performance
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Thomas Karakolis, Defence Research Development, Canada

For this session, physical burden will be defined as the weight, bulk, and stiffness of the clothing and equipment that a dismounted soldier must carry during either an administrative move or during a tactical scenario. The effect of physical burden is evident to nearly all dismounted soldiers; however, the ability to quantify the effect remains a challenge. In this sense, it can be said that the true effect of physical burden on soldier performance remains largely unknown.
The effect of soft armor and fatigue on Load Effects Assessment Program (LEAP) course performance CAN
The isolated and combined effects of different levels of mass, bulk and stiffness of clothing and equipment
on LEAP operational performance using a newly developed clothing & equipment characteristics rig
Integration of lethality and survivability metrics into an operational military obstacle course USA
Characterizing burden parameters for predicting LEAP performance USA
The influenced of modified conditions of performance on select LEAP obstacles USA
TS#25  |  Improving Firefighter Health and Performance
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Jo Ellen Sefton, Professor, Director Warrior Research Center United States

This session is designed to address issues common to firefighters from tactical units, small villages, or large urban areas: fitness, hydration, and environmental exposure. Together this panel will address these issues through discussions of current practice and research in fitness screening, fitness improvement, injury prevention, hydration issues, and rest-work protocols. Recommendations will be provided on how to assess current operations and implement improvements that will improve tactical athlete health, safety and performance. The issues addressed in this panel also apply to non-firefighter tactical athletes.
A Public Health Approach to Injury Prevention and Wellness in the Fire Service USA
Recommendations for Developing and Implementing a Comprehensive Fire Service Screening Assessment USA
Improving Fire Fighter Recruit Fitness Levels USA
The impact of occupational tasks on firefighter hydration during a live structural fire AUSTRALIA
Development of a work – rest protocol for firefighter recovery operations USA
TS#26  |  The implications of emerging technology on military human performance in the next decade
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Daniel Billing, Australian Counsellor Defence Science and Technology, South Korea

The pace of military modernisation and the emergence of new capabilities arising from technology innovation will have a significant impact on the character of war and on how military operations will be conducted, including the fundamental role of the warfighter. This Thematic Session will examine the positive and negative impact of these emerging technologies on military human performance requirements over the next decade. We will also discuss how military human performance researchers can help to better position and enable Defence agencies to respond to the strategic challenges associated with emerging technologies.
Emerging technologies that are likely to impact military human performance in the next decade SOUTH KOREA
Examination of how these emerging technologies may impact military human performance requirements 
at a strategic, operational and tactical level
Exploring both the positive and negative impacts of emerging technology on military human performance
in the next decade
How can military human performance researchers help to better position Defence agencies to respond
to the strategic challenges associated with emerging technologies
TS#27  |  Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull: Potential Value of this Field Expedient Test
Session Organizer Information: Mr. Etienne Chassé, Human Performance Research and Development, Canada

This international panel session will focus on some key metrics research or military scientist can withdraw from performances on the IMTP. Simple output metrics from an IMTP can provide useful information to scientist and military Chain of Command. This session will outline methodology, practicality and predicting ability of the IMT.
Simulated Casualty Evacuation Performance Is Augmented by IMTP Peak Force USA
Utility of an isometric mid-thigh pull test to assess neuromuscular fatigue during an urban operations casualty evacuation task UK
Relationship between IMTP, physical performance and MSKI in Australian Army Recruits AUSTRALIA
Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull Normative Data from over 1000 Canadian Officer Training Plan Cadets CAN
Key methodology aspects when using IMTP to measure PF development on young military members CAN
TS#28  |  Physical training for military operations: what are the requirements for sex-specific conditioning
Session Organizer Information: Dr. Tim Doyle, PhD

This session will look at how these sex differences manifest in a Military setting and how they can be mitigated.
Specifically, this session will discuss:
  1. an overview of the current status of the scientific literature related to sex-specific training for military operations,
  2. physical performance measures and biomechanical and neuromuscular adaptations as they relate to a periodised conditioning program for load carriage, focussing on male and female differences during the march, and in response to the 10-week training program
  3. general physical training strategies for female warfighters.
Sex specific changes in physical performance following military training UK
Male and female respond differently over a 5 km loaded march and after 10 weeks of training AUSTRALIA
Male and female biomechanical and neuromuscular responses are different after 10 weeks of load carriage conditioning
for a 5 km loaded march
Innovative Physical Training Strategies to Improve Readiness and Lethality Among Female Warfighters USA
TS#29  |  Optimizing Soldier Performance through Better Clothing and Equipment Fit
Session Organizer Information: Mr. Allan Keefe, Defence Research and Development Canada

Fit is essential to clothing/equipment specification, design, sizing, logistics and ensuring optimal levels of protection. Additionally, fit is a key component in determining the acceptability of a system. Poor fit of clothing and individual equipment can cause discomfort for the wearer, affect mobility, increase cognitive burden and add additional weight and bulk to the system that the user has to fight. Given that soldier’s performance and well-being is essential, clothing and equipment systems need to be designed and assessed to determine that they meet all of the soldier’s needs. A diverse military population leads to many challenges in fitting the range of body sizes, shapes, sex, and age groups it contains. This can be addressed by the development a proper fit and sizing scheme which not only ensures properly designed clothing and equipment, it also leads to an efficient logistics system that ensures adequate tariffs and stock availability, while balancing costs and storage. The presentations in this session will focus on individual clothing or equipment systems and the effect of fit of those systems on warfighter performance.
Quantifying Physical and Cognitive Fit for assessing exoskeletons USA
Static and Dynamic Fit. 3D Anthropometric Data for Human Exoskeleton Design USA
Male vs Female Hard Armour Plate HFI Issues USA
NATO HFM RTG 266: STANREC for Clothing and Equipment Sizing and Fitting CAN
Analysis of Recent US Marine Corps Infantry Helmet Fit-Test Data to Improve Best-Fit Helmet Size Predication USA
TS#30  |  Feeding Female Soldiers
Session Organizer Information: Sophie Arana (née Wardle) PhD . Senior Scientific Officer, Physiology, Army Personnel Research Capability, UK

Our proposed session on ‘Feeding Female Soldiers’ will exploit the UK Armed Forces campaign to better TrainHER© and to improve the feeding / nutrition of soldiers to optimise musculoskeletal health and physical performance. We aim to highlight the evidence base surrounding feeding for bone health, muscle mass / function, reproductive health, and during energy deficit, with the overall goal of improving female soldier health and performance. The session will conclude with a point-counterpoint panel discussion with audience input, debating the question of whether men and women should be fed differently. Direct research addressing this question is limited, but the increase in sex differences studies and the increased attention being afforded to female physiology will facilitate this panel discussion. Ultimately, the end-goal for militaries is attaining a whole force that is healthy, functional and effective in combat, and sex-specific strategies may be required to achieve this goal. We, therefore, propose a thematic session on ‘Feeding Female Soldiers’ with the following titles and speakers:
Feeding female soldiers to optimise bone health and physical performance USA
Feeding female soldiers to optimise muscle mass / function UK
Feeding female soldiers during energy deficit USA
Feeding female soldiers to optimise reproductive health UK






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